For decades, U.S. boys have died by suicide far more frequently than girls, even though girls attempt suicide and report contemplating it more often. In the suicide prevention world, the phenomenon is known as the gender paradox.
The paradox still persists today—but new data published in JAMA Network Open suggest the gap between male and female youth suicide deaths is narrowing.
“What we’re seeing is alarming,” says study co-author Donna Ruch, a researcher with the Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Ohio. “On top of the fact that females are thinking about suicide more and attempting suicide more, now they’re actually completing suicide.”
U.S. suicide rates are rising across age groups and demographics, and youth are no exception. But the uptick hasn’t been equal across genders. Starting in 2007, suicide rates for girls ages 10 to 14 began increasing annually by about 13%, compared to about 7% for boys, according to the new study. For teens ages 15 to 19, rates among girls and boys increased by about 8% and 3.5%, respectively, the new study says.
Suicide rates among teen girls hit a 40-year high in 2015, according to previous federal data. And in the process, the disparity between male and female suicide rates has lessened considerably, Ruch says. In 1975, boys ages 10 to 14 died by suicide 3.14 times more than girls, but by 2015, they died 1.8 times more often. For boys ages 15 to 19, those numbers dropped from 4.15 to 3.31 over the same time period.
After weeks of speculation, the birthplace of the newest royal baby has been confirmed with the reveal of Archie’s birth certificate. Under British law, all births must be registered within six weeks. Once done so, birth certificates become public records.
While it was initially believed that Archie was born on May 6th at their home Frogmore Cottage, it turns out that while Markle and Prince Harry didn’t stray that far from royal norms. Baby Archie was born at the private Portland Hospital in Westminster, London. He wasn’t the first member of the royal family to be born there, either. Sarah, Duchess of York, welcomed her two children at the hospital, as did both Lady Sarah Chatto and Serena-Armstrong Jones, Countess of Snowdon (the daughter and daughter-in-law of Queen Elizabeth’s sister, Princess Margaret respectively).
The birth certificate lists Archie’s full name, as well as those of his parents, and lists his parents’ occupations as “Prince and Princess of the United Kingdom,” which is certainly a nice thing to put on a business card. (Kate Middleton’s occupation was listed similarly on her childrens’ birth certificates.) Archie himself does not yet have a royal title, likely because Prince Harry and Markle “want a normal life for their children,” royal expert Marlene Koenig previously told TIME.
The news of Archie’s birthplace comes just ahead of the first wedding anniversary of his parents, who are also known as the Duke and Duchess of Sussex.
“If you look deeply into the palm of your hand, you will see your parents
and all generations of your ancestors. All of them are alive in this moment.
Each is present in your body. You are the continuation of each of these people.”
– Thich Nhat Hanh
“Love is the emblem of eternity: it confounds all notion of time:
effaces all memory of a beginning, all fear of an end.” – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein
“You can call it a clan, call it a network, call it a tribe, call it a family.
Whatever you call it, whoever you are, you need one.” – Jane Howard
“You can kiss your family and friends good-bye and put miles between you,
but at the same time you carry them with you in your heart, your mind,
your stomach, because you do not just live in a world
but a world lives in you.” ― Frederick Buechner